Saturday, March 14, 2020
Jefferson Principles Essays - Thomas Jefferson, Free Essays Jefferson Principles ureAlex Marion Mr. Uremovic per 2 10/5/00 Thomas Jefferson is remembered in history not only for the offices he held, but also for his belief in the natural rights of man as expressed in the Declaration of Independence and his faith in the peoples ability to govern themselves. Through his political career, Thomas Jefferson advocated democratic principles and adhered to his liberal ideology. However, as a president he found it difficult to maintain these policies in the noisy arena of politics. Consequently, circumstances forced him to reverse himself in some degree on these concepts. When he was voted into the presidency, Jefferson devoted a major section of his inaugural address to the the essential principles of our government, and consequently those which ought to shape its administration (Cunningham). Here he reiterated his basic political principles and the leading policies that he had professed as a candidate, which he now restated as the guiding pillars of his administration. He began by affirming equal and exact justice to all his men, of whatever state or persuasion, religious or political. Next, Jefferson proclaimed, Peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations, entangling alliances with none. He then went on to affirm his commitment to the rights of the states and the preservation of the central government. Continuing to intermingle general principles and specific policies, that new president declared that he favored reliance for defense on a militia rather than an army, a small navy (Cunningham) and prosperity through economy, the payment o f debts, and the encouragement of agriculture and commerce as its handmaid. He also emphasized basic rights such as freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and impartially selected juries. These principles, Jefferson concluded, form the brightest constellation, which has gone before us and guided our steps through an age of revolution and reformation They should be the creed of our political faith, the text of civic instruction, the touchstone by which we try the services of those we trust. Unfortunately for Jefferson, marinating this creed would not be easy during this period of history. Jefferson maintained his governing principles throughout the most part of his presidency. Most of them, however, were forced to be compromised. One of the first examples deals with the excise tax, a policy left by Hamilton. Jefferson strongly disliked this tax because it bred bureaucrats and bore heavily on his farmer following (Bailey, Kennedy, Cohen). By repealing this tax, Jefferson was forced to abandon his belief on paying debts, thus costing the federal government about a million dollars a year in urgently needed revenue. Jefferson also had difficulty improving state rights and taking power from the federal government. As a result of the famous Marbury v. Madison case, Chief Justice John Marshall created the idea of judicial review by ruling that the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional. This resulted in the Supreme Court having the final word on the interpretation of the constitution. Jefferson tried allotting this power to the states in his Kentucky Resolutions. Due to Marshalls ruling, Jefferson was unable to follow his principle of state rights and grant these states additional powers. Perhaps more contradictory to Jeffersons principles was the conflict with Tripoli and the Barbary pirates. Jefferson had long supported international pacifism and a small navy and militia. Pirate raids and tributes along the Barbary Coast eventually compelled Jefferson to desert these noninterventionist policies and dispatch a navy. He did so without congressional approval, an act contradictory to his belief of majority will. His expanded navy of small gunboats successfully ended the conflict with a treaty of peace in 1805. The Louisiana Purchase in 1803, moreover, was a more poignant example of Jefferson contradicting his principles. Spain was planning to cede Louisiana back to France, which Jefferson could not allow. With a leader like Napoleon nearby, conflict was inevitable. The result would force America into an alliance with Britain, which strongly violated Jeffersons anti-entanglement policy and would still lead to conflict. Jeffersons only other option was to purchase the Louisiana territory from France, which would greatly expand Americas western frontier. The price, however, was expensive and left a dent in Americas wallet. Jefferson also needed to act unconstitutionally in purchasing the land, which also violated his idea of
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Security in the age of globlisation - Essay Example fightÃ¢â¬â¢ of realist, liberal and constructionist research programmes, the latter had been discussed with major focus on its social and economic processes. Since globalization is a spatial progress, it does not accommodate the principles of interdependence. Globalization materializes the circulation and interpenetration of people and ideas along with its material exchanges across cultures. The private and public spheres merge and collide in such an environment. Unlike in the case of economic and social aspects of globalization, the effects of security are harder to conceptualize and measure. It has to be analyzed and comprehended in contrast with the Cold War effects on security. The agency and scope of threat in the globalized world has grown out of all expectations that terms like global violence and human security has become common parlance. The security constituencies are defined at every level from the global to the regional to the individual. While the security providers remain nationally defined, the dimensions of threat in the international sphere have grown much beyond its aegis. However the scope of security is also widened in the age of globalization, since the post Cold War security precepts expand beyond national constrictions. The issues that are brought under such expanded security comprise diseases, global warming, ozone depletion, acid rain, bio-diversity loss and radioactive contamination. The Ã¢â¬Ëskill revolutionÃ¢â¬â¢ among prospective terrorists has begun to pose a great threat as well. On a general societal level, despite the changing norms of security, globalization has made people both more aware and less decisive about intervent ion in ethnic conflicts. Non-Physical Security is the novel concept that had originated from globalization. When the existing security concepts are expanded to protection of information and technology assets, it gains a non-physical status. This includes greater information technology and smartness of weapons. Selling
Monday, February 10, 2020
Challenges in Writing - Essay Example For example, after writing about the Ã¢â¬Ëmoment of truthÃ¢â¬â¢ in my protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s life (in a short story I wrote), I pondered for a long time for an alternative word but had to be satisfied with Ã¢â¬Ëthe yes momentÃ¢â¬â¢ and then still unhappily replaced it with Ã¢â¬Ëthe cool momentÃ¢â¬â¢. Similarly I had to spend a sleepless night being unable to break free from the Ã¢â¬Ëhaving said thatÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëat the end of the dayÃ¢â¬â¢ syndromes in my writing. To disentangle oneÃ¢â¬â¢s thought process from the mundane discourses of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own mind is another great challenge, as far as I am concerned. This demands great amount of concentration and clarity. This approach to writing is rooted in attaining a crystal clear consciousness when one starts writing, which can surely be cultivated. It is an unconditional opening up of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s senses to the surroundings so that you can hear a cuckooÃ¢â¬â¢s song heard from far away (which otherwise you may n ot even notice), you can hear the feeble murmurings of wind, and also you can feel forgotten experiences and memories from distant recesses of the past. In such a moment of deep contemplation, I always had the experience of new words, new sensations and new ideas pouring in.
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Ampex VTR organization Essay After the second world war, the introduction of televisions opened way for the technological innovation of video recording. In the 1950s, there were major inventions in the video recording industry in the US and Japan. This case study involves the technological advancement in the video cassette recorders (VCRs) manufacturing industries. Six pioneering companies will be considered, namely; RCA and Ampex of USA, Japan Victor Company (JVC) and Sony, Toshiba and Matsushita all of Japan. JVC, Sony and Matsushita had the competitive advantage of management in this industry. They emphasized on opportunities that were more rewarding, productively positioned their technical efforts and executed these efforts in more productively. These companies learnt the market technological demands for videocassette recorders and produced in mass at limited costs. To prove their technological competence, these firms produced equipment with utmost sound clarity and consistently adhered to this. JVC was under pressure to come up with a common standard for its products which led to the advent of VHS system. RCA engineers came up with a video recording machine moving a narrow tape very fast past magnetic heads. At Toshiba, a recording head was made to rotate fast while the tape moved past at relatively slow speed (helical scanner). Despite these efforts, Ampex was the first to come up with a commercial video recorder. This VTR technology was patented but was soon shared out to other companies like RCA. Ampex failed to come up with a manufacturing capability for mass production despite the high performance designs. Ampex engineers opened up the helical scanner technology for broadcast recorder but Sony, JVC and Matsushita overtook them in this technology. RCA suggested the introduction of a television magnetic tape player but this was not considered by the management until later in 1958 in the design of VTR. Sony did not employ the method of market research but instead chose to insist on high technology and innovation. In 1950, Sony introduced the first Japanese magnetic recorder for sound and tape, followed by a TV camera and stereo tape recorder. In 1961, it unveiled the first fully transistorized VTR in the world. Matsushita was a diverse company dealing with a range of electrical appliances. To beat this companys success, the rivals developed cheaper appliances. The diversities in technology led to a need for international standards to govern this. Sony wanting to outdo its foreign rivals collaborated with JVC and Matsushita in the establishment of ? inch tape cassettes. Sony, JVC and Matsushita made strategic management of technology by learning through trials. These companies were persistent and flexible. Ampex and RCA in America lacked consistency in their strategic direction making them fail to sustain technical development. The Japanese companies had stable technical teams which ensured stability in the organization. Top managers were involved in making critical decisions. Ampex VTR organization was however marred with instability (Rosenbloom Cusumano, 1987). The basic VCR technology originated from the US and Europe although the Japanese industries have been successful in the industry. The success attributed to the Japanese industries was achieved by more improvements on the basic technology rather than just copying what the West had to offer. The advent of transistors, semiconductors and microchips greatly boosted the electronic industry in Japan.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
William Golding, in his fictional novel Lord of the Flies, has created one of the most stunningly elaborate, captivating works of American literature. It is a straightforward story of a few shipwrecked schoolboys that dramatically turns into a multifaceted tale of endless deceit, trickery and all out jealousy. It is in this story that three boys, Ralph, Piggy, and Jack, come to play the pivotal parts of leaders to a group of children who are fighting for the right of survival. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The first boy is Ralph, a fine example of morals, compassion and friendship. He is the first person on the island to take charge and the one who hold the group together. Ralph was elected the leader as soon as the group first came together. He was recognized as one person who courage to lead them home. On the vote for chief, Ralph said, “ ‘Who wants me?’ Every hand outside the choir except Piggy’s was raised immediately. Then Piggy, too, raised his hand grudgingly into the air. Ralph counted ‘I’m chief then’ '; (Golding 23). Ralph is chosen as leader because in the story Lord of the Flies, he symbolizes every good quality necessary to return home. The qualities are leadership, kindness, benevolence, and most of all, friendship. The second youth is known to the other boys as Piggy. Piggy is not like the other boys, in the fact that his sense of fun and adventure was replaced with that of worrisome and caution. He is a portly child, which brought on the name “Piggy.'; He also suffers from various ailments, such as bad eyesight and asthma. “He was shorter than the fair boy and very fat. He came forward, searching out safe lodgments for his feet, and then looked up through thick spectacles'; (Golding 7). Piggy symbolically represents every problem, every mistake that could be made, that might leave many young boys stranded on an island far out at sea. The final young man goes by the name of Jack Merridew. Jack is a hotheaded youth with a flair for leadership, and a temper to go along with it. Jack was the boy who wanted the position of chief from the start. In response to Ralph’s election as chief, “Even the choir applauded; and the freckles on Jacks face disappeared under a blush of mortification'; (Golding 23). Jack Merridew, from then on, was different. He detested Ralph and from then on was consumed by hate and jealousy toward everyone that followed the new chief.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Marketing Problems Ã¢â¬â Applications and Decisions (74-232) Odette School of Business, University of Windsor II. Short Cycle Key person and his / her position in the organization:Kate Hoedebeck, director of marketing for Hawaiian Punch at Cadbury Schweppes Americas Beverages. Key issue:To prepare the 2005 Hawaiian Punch business marketing plan and coordinate the newly consolidated version of the three companies. Sub issues: 1. How will they increase market share? They already are the number 1 fruit punch drink sold in the U. S. 2.How will two distinct manufacturing, sales, and distribution networks to stock and sever an identical beverage for the same customers fare? 3. Determining the roles each will play in sales, profitability, and equity of the Hawaiian punch brand. 4. Will Cadbury Schweppes restructure for growth take focus away from maintain market leadership? 5. Can they achieve sales need to capture an attractive profit margin? 6. What are the potential competitor reactio ns? Why now? The 2005 business marketing plan is one of the key factors to ensure successful growth with the newly consolidated corporations.We are currently towards the end of 2004. By when must the key person make this decision? (Include your reason for this time frame)To allow sufficient time for the plan to be properly implemented, Hoedebeck should have it complete by September 1st, 2004. Stakes: what does the organization stand to gain or lose if it makes a good or bad decision? Potential benefits of a good decisionPotential costs of a bad decision Increased profitsDecreased profits Maintained market leadershipFailed product line Diversified promotion strategyLoss of focus from core competencies Expanded product lineBankruptcyLarger target marketLost jobs Happy retailers and foodservice customersFailed marketing strategy Competitive sustainability Over/under estimation of product or brand line More convenient for distribution and retailersWrong information in her analysis Quest ions you should ask yourself as you complete the Long Cycle: 1. Who are Hawaiian PunchÃ¢â¬â¢s competitors? 2. What stage of the product life style is their fruit punch beverage in? 3. What pricing/promotion strategy should they use for their product? 4. How will the consolidation impact growth? 5. What is their brand positioning? 6. What is their product line and pricing?
Monday, January 6, 2020
Humans are the most social creatures on earth and what better place to express that then Las Vegas. City where aesthetic satisfaction and quality of life is purely expressed with material behaviors and lines between personal value and choice between tangible and intangible life goals and crossed and at times simply arrested. Scholars view materialism as a type of personality trait that involves personal and societal value. This trait is consumption-based and involves human demand for materialistic items to represent personal and social happiness. Associated with western cultures and capitalism, studies about materialism date back to an industrial and post-industrial revolution of 19th century (e.g., Campbell, 1987; McCracken, 1988; McKendrick et al., 1985; Williams, 1982). Richins considered materialism as a system of personal values (e.g. Fournier and Richins, 1991; Richins and Dawson, 1992). In Maslow s hierarchy of needs the materialism represents a focus on lower order needs, material comfort and physical safety and relates to higher order needs with self-expression through acquisition and possession of objects. Las Vegas, the gaming Mecca and a great example of materialistic behaviors such as demand for excess of everything, feeling of euphoriaÃ¢â¬â¢s about more than necessary luxury, compulsive gambling, beyond ridiculous nightlife experience and finally the epitome of materialism, the encourage pretentiousness. Behaviors exhibited and encouraged when visiting LasShow MoreRelatedEthics of Materialism1603 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRepercussions of Materialism Materialism and the want of consumer goods, has proved to be a prevalent force in the last century. When superficially thinking about materialism, one would not immediately register that there is a relationship between materialism and ethics; although, under examination, we can see that there is indeed a great association between the two. Are materialism and the obsessive consumer culture we have made for ourselves ethical? Peoples opinion on this question can beRead MoreModern Culture Is Inevitable, By John Storey And The Invention Of The English Christmas1196 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfrom low-class entertainment to high-class art and Christmas transforming from a religious centered event to a capitalism driven day. Both articles look at class hierarchy, the rise of materialism and accessibility. While both of Storey s articles are concerned with the evolution of cultural events, the opera emphasises class hierarchy, whereas the article on the progression of Christmas focuses on a mate rialistic revolution. Inventing Opera as art in Nineteenth-Century Manchester told how operaRead MoreKarl Marx s Theories Of History And The Theory Of Human Nature Essay1714 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesresult of material interactions. Marx used HegelÃ¢â¬â¢s contradiction in dialectic to define the class struggle; Ã¢â¬Å"oppositions that are necessary for and yet destructive of each otherÃ¢â¬ (Shimp, 2009, p. 37). At the core of MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of history is that materialism and the belief that communism was inevitable. According to Marx social change occurred - not through ideas or an omnipotent God, but through the economic condition of life; they both believed that the theory of history was a scientific method forRead MoreThe Concept of Sex Appeal and Its Influence on the Consumer1163 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesinherited over thousands of years. Abraham MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s diagram of the hierarchy of needs displays the ranking of necessities for human survival, Ã¢â¬Å"The basis of Maslow s theory is that hu man beings are motivated by unsatisfied needsÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Anon, 2007) It is observed that once a human fulfills a need, he then progresses to the next level to ultimately strive to reach the last level which is self actualization. The first level deals with physiological needs which encompasses breathing, food, water, sleep, homeostasisRead MoreThe Great Gatsby Character Analysis1458 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescharacters opinions of themselves. In result of this growing confidence, these characters, whether they were considered favorable by the readers or not, treated others with disrespect. Due to their awareness of their placement at the top of the social hierarchy, the ease of their success, and their lack of responsibilities, the upper class believe they are superior to the ones placed below them and assume they are given the right to make others familiar with it. This attitude presented is a glimpse of theRead MoreThe Structural Frame Model Of An Organization818 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The Structural Frame Twenty-first century societies could be characterized as the modern humanity with Cutting-edge technology and multiculturalism, with extreme materialism and economical drive. As a result, any modern organization, regardless of its size, type or nature, has to depend upon the factual structures and best management paths to survive in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s civilization. Lee G.Bolman and Terrence F. DealÃ¢â¬â¢s (2013) book Ã¢â¬Å"Reframing OrganizationsÃ¢â¬ presents most updated and developed managerialRead MoreThe Idealistic Values That Fueled The Violent And Bloody French Revolution Essay1456 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLibertÃ ©, Ã ©galitÃ ©, fraternitÃ ©. The idealistic values that fueled the violent and bloody French Revolution. Rigid class hierarchy served as one of the factors that beget the turbulence of a war-torn France in the 1800Ã¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬âthe tumultuous era in which Guy de Maupassant penned his short story, Ã¢â¬Å"The Necklace.Ã¢â¬ The Loisels, the main couple o f the story, demonstrate unhappiness with their social structure and the insatiable desire for a higher social standing. Yet instead of seeking such lofty ideals as libertyRead MoreCelebrity Culture Forms Real World Distractions1450 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshaving to face improper discrimination and a lack of support compared to professional athletes. Ã Ã Ã Celebrity culture has banished the real from the public. Thirty years ago, the only celebrities were ones in movies. Breakfast at Tiffany s skyrocketed Audrey Hepburn s talented acting career. As a result, Audrey remains one of HollywoodÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest movie stars and the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most successful actresses. Now celebrities are everywhere--Talk-show hosts, lawyers, musicians and teenagers. Although some mayRead MoreAn Analysis Of Niccolo Machiavelli s The Prince 941 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfor the government. This paper will analyze whether Marx would buy Machiavelli s thought that states desired ends justify undesirable means (Weng 1). Machiavelli advocated for a capitalist economic system while Marx supported the socialism that embraced equality in the society (Weng 1). The primary motive of capitalist society is to accumulate as much money and wealth as possible. Marx would not buy Machiavelli s idea as it totally contradicts his theory. Marx acknowledges that development towardsRead MoreJohn Stuart Mill And The Ideology Of Liberalism859 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespeople suffer the fear of progress because of the unknown of what will happen next. The uncertainty created by French Revolution, which promised freedom to the masses, but ended in panic because did not have any idea on how to substitute the old hierarchies. Many applauded these changes and had little love for the past that seemed to be disappearing. Others wished they could move back to the supposedly good old days and became fierce critics of their present. With thing getting Industrialization